Chiropractic is an art, a science and a philosophy of things natural. It is a system of adjusting the segments of the spine and its extremities for the purpose of removing nerve interference. It is based on the premise that in order for you to be healthy you must have a normally functioning nervous system.
The nervous system is composed of the brain and the extension of the brain called the spinal cord, from which exit 31 pairs of spinal nerves. These nerves communicate with all parts of the body. The brain is protected by a bony layer called the skull, and the spinal cord is protected by 24 movable spinal bones, each termed a vertebra. The seven vertebrae in the neck are termed cervical, the twelve in the mid-back are termed dorsal or thoracic, and the five in the low back are termed lumbar. A ligamentous structure called a spinal disc separates and cushions the vertebrae. When a vertebra shifts out of its normal position due to physical, emotional, biochemical or energetic stress, it results in pressure on a spinal nerve or even the spinal cord. This shift from normal is termed a vertebral subluxation.
A vertebral subluxation may or may not cause pain or discomfort. However, it may cause interference in how your body works and adapts to your environment. Chiropractors use various adjusting techniques to realign the spine and remove pressure from the nervous system to allow your body to function at its highest health potential.